An inflammation of the renal pelvis medical term

[ pi″ĕ-li´tis] inflammation of the renal pelvis, a fairly common disease that usually can be diagnosed and cured without great difficulty Acute pyelonephritis is defined as inflammation of the kidney and the renal pelvis. The diagnosis is mainly clinical. The infection induces an interstitial nephritis involving the renal pelvis and tubules but excludes the glomeruli. Click to see full answer

Pyelitis definition of pyelitis by Medical dictionar

Which term is inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney

Start studying Medical Term. For Urinary system. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Dilation of the renal pelvis. Pyelitis. Inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney of urine. Pyelolithotomy. Inflammation of the kidneys due to infection pelvis [pel´vis] (L.) 1. any basinlike structure in the body. 2. the bony pelvis, the lower (caudal) portion of the trunk of the body, forming a basin bounded anteriorly and laterally by the hip bones and posteriorly by the sacrum and coccyx; it is formed by the sacrum, the coccyx, and the ilium, pubis, and ischium, bones that also form the hip and the.

What is the medical term for inflammation of the renal

Medical Terminology Chapter 12 Urinary System. condition in which urine collects in the renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow. procedure to seperate waste material from the blood and to maintain fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance in impaired kidney function or in the absence of a kidney nephrolithiasis (renal calculi) nephromegaly nephrosclerosis pyelonephritis inflammation of both the parenchyma of a kidney and the lining of its renal pelvis, especially due to bacterial infection uremia (uremic syndrome) a general term used to encompass a cluster of symptoms resulting from disordered biochemica Hydronephrosis Hydronephrosis is swelling of one or both kidneys. Kidney swelling happens when urine can't drain from a kidney and builds up in the kidney as a result. This can occur from a blockage in the tubes that drain urine from the kidneys (ureters) or from an anatomical defect that doesn't allow urine to drain properly

inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney; one of the most common types of kidney disease; it may be the result of a lower urinary tract infection that moved up to the kidney by way of the ureters; there may be large quantities of white blood cells and bacteria in the urine; blood (hematuria) may even be present in the urine in this condition; can occur with any untreated or persistent. Interstitial nephritis is inflammation of the kidney cells that are not part of the fluid-collecting units, a condition that can lead to acute renal failure or kidney disease. The causes are allergic reaction or side effect from medicine such as antibiotics, or the long-term use of acetaminophen, which is found in Tylenol or nonsteroidal anti. large opening that recieves urine from each calyx and empties into ureter. Term. pyelocystitis. Definition. inflammation of the bladder and renal pelvis. Term. pyelolithotomy. Definition. surgical incision into the renal pelvis to remove a stone destention of renal pelvis and kidney by urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in ureter: intracellular: within a cell or cells: lipid: fat: pyelitis: inflammation of renal pelvis: cystolithectomy: surgical removal of a stone in the bladder: interrenal: in the kidney: urethrotomy: incision of the urethra: urinometer: instrument that. Renal pelvis: The area at the center of the kidney. Urine collects in the renal pelvis and is funneled into the ureter

Renal Pelvis Medical Term - slidesharetrick

Medical Terminology for the Urinary System. nephrotomy (nephr/otomy) is a surgical cutting,incision into the kidney. cyst- sac containing fluid, bladder. Paracystitis (para/cyst/itis) is an inflammation of the tissues around the urinary bladder. lithic (lith/ic) means pertaining to a stone Incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone: pyelogram: Record (x-ray) of the renal pelvis: renal ischemia: Holding back of blood flow to the kidney: renal colic: Kidney pain resulting from a stone in the ureter or kidney. trigonitis: Inflammation of the trigone (area in the bladder). ureteroplasty: Surgical repair of a ureter: ureterolithotom Medical Terminology > Med Term ch9Q. Urinary System > Flashcards Flashcards in Med Term ch9Q. Urinary System Deck (40) Loading flashcards... 1 distention of a ureter ureterectasis 2 inflammation of renal pelvis and kidney pyelonephritis 14 male ureter length 10 inches 1 10)E C. Give the meanings of the following medical terms. 1)Pertaining to calix. 2)Nitrogenous waste in urine. 3)Narrowing of urinary meatus. 4)Hernia of the urinary bladder. 5)Incision in order to remove a stone in the renal pelvis. 6)Inflammation of trigone 7)Opening between the ureter and the ileum. 8)Narrowing of the ureter. 9)Backflow of urine from bladder to ureter. 10)Nitrogenous waste.

Med Term 9 Flashcards Quizle

Term Meaning pyel/o Renal Pelvis pyelocystitis Inflammation of the renal pelvis and bladder pyelostomy Creation of an opening into the renal pelvis pyelotomy Incision of the renal pelvis pyelonephritis Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis Word Building with pyel/o -gram pyelogram record of renal pelvis -itis pyelitis inflammation of renal pelvis -plasty pyeloplasty surgical repair of renal pelvis 50. Word Building with ren/o and ur/o -al renal pertaining to the kidney -logist urologist urine specialist -emia uremia urine blood condition 51 Renal cortex: area of the kidney that contains all the glomeruli and portions of the tubules. Renal failure: loss of kidney function. Renal insufficiency: decline in renal function to about 25% of normal or a GFR of 25-30 ml/min. Renal pelvis: a hollow structure which is an extension of the upper end of the urete Medical Terminology Ch 7 Urinary System. combining forms for kidney (two bean-shaped organs on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region that filters waste from the bloodstream to form urine) medical term for the enclosing structure that surrounds each glomerulus; also known as the Bowman capsule - collects the material that is. The markedly dilated renal pelvis and calices were filled with thick mucin. In the lower pole of the kidney, there was a heterogeneous 8.5-cm mass with papillary areas that was confined within the renal capsule. At the junction of the ureter and the renal pelvis, there was a second obstructing pedunculated 1.0-cm mucinous mass

The medical term for an X-ray image of the renal pelvis after contrast dye is injected into the ureter is: asked Nov 11, 2016 in Health & Biomechanics by Jaheller medical-terminolog ureteropyelonephritis: [ u-re″ter-o-pi″ĕ-lo-nĕ-fri´tis ] inflammation of the ureter, renal pelvis, and kidney Term Meaning pyel/o Renal Pelvis pyelocystitis Inflammation of the renal pelvis and bladder pyelostomy Creation of an opening into the renal pelvis pyelotomy Incision of the renal pelvis pyelonephritis Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis Start studying Medical Terminology Chapter 6. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Home Subjects. Create. Search. inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney. pyeloplasty. surgical repair of the renal pelvis. renal. pertaining to the kidney

Hydronephrosis - Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and

• dilated renal pelvis • renal pelvis dilatation • mild pyelectasis • pelviectasis • mild hydronephrosis The term hydronephrosis is used when the renal pelvis measures 10 mm or more, which is much less common. What causes a dilated renal pelvis? There is wide range in the size of the renal pelvis. For many babies, the larger size is. Ch 9: Medical Terms / Questions... 96 cards. Medicine And Health. Medical Terminology. Practice all cards Practice all cards Practice all cards done loading. ablation . The removal of a body part or the destruction of its function. anuria . an inflammation of renal pelvis and kidney. dysuria

Study Flashcards On Medical terminology- Ch 13 renal at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! inflammation of the renal pelvis . ureters, and renal pelvis obtained after contrast medium has been injected up the kidney by way of small catheter passed through a. incision of renal pelvis to remove stone: pyeloplasty: surgical repair of renal pelvis: ureterectomy: excision of a ureter: ureterostomy: creation of artificial opening into ureter: urethroplasty: surgical repair of urethra: renal transplant: surgical implantation of donor kidney: cystogram: radiographic image of bladder: cystography.

Nephritis - Wikipedi

View Week 4 Lab 1.docx from HIMA 100 at American Military University. Kayla DeCarmo HIMA100 Week 4 Lab 1 Flash Card Table Medical Term Record Location Definition Prefix and Meaning Root an chronic pyelonephritis: chronic inflammation of the renal parenchyma and pelvis resulting from bacterial infection, characterized by calyceal deformities and overlying large flat renal scars with patchy distribution

inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis pyelo nephr it

Pyelonephritis pathology Britannic

The renal pelvis is a kind of collector for collecting urine from large and small cups. The amount of education varies throughout a person's life. It gradually increases with the kidneys in children. Changes in the average sizes of the pelvis are possible in connection with its pathology caused by inflammation, stone formation, tumor Inflammation of the renal parenchyma, calices, and pelvis, particularly due to local bacterial infection. [pyelo- + G. nephros, kidney, + -itis, inflammation] acute p. acute inflammation of the renal parenchyma and pelvis characterized by small cortical abscesses and yellowish streaks in the medulla due to pus in the collecting tubules and. a. renal pelvis b. calyces c. urethra d. nephron e. bladder. a. renal pelvis. The abbreviation UTI refers to: a. urethral toxic infection b. ureter total inflammation c. urinary tract incontinence d. urinary tract infection e. ureter tubal infection. d. urinary tract infection. A suprarenal tumor is located: a. within the kidney b. under the. Hydronephrosis occurs when there is either a blockage of the outflow of urine, or reverse flow of urine already in the bladder (called reflux) that can cause the renal pelvis to become enlarged. Hydronephrosis may or may not cause symptoms. The main symptom is pain, either in the side and back (known as flank pain), abdomen or groin This may be a normal variant or it may be due to an underlying illness or medical condition. Normally, the kidney filters waste products from blood and disposes of it in the urine. The urine drains into individual calyces (single=calyx) that form the renal pelvis. This empties into the ureter, a tube that connects the kidney to the bladder

Easy Medical Terminology 2Clue medication administered to prevent or relieve nausea

Hydronephrosis is a condition that typically occurs when one kidney swells due to urine failing to drain properly from the kidney to the bladder. Hydronephrosis may occur in 1 out of every 100 babies Term used to describe some types of treatment of prostate cancer. Anuria. The absence of urine formation by the kidneys. benign prostatic hyperplasia. An enlargement of the prostate gland that most often occurs in men over age 50. chronic kidney disease. The progressive loss of renal function over months or years. Cystitis Glossary of Terms Glossary of Common Urologic Terms. Azoospermia: The absence of sperm in the semen. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): A benign enlargement of the prostate gland. Brachytherapy: A type of radiation therapy in which radioactive materials are placed in direct contact with the tissue being treated. Chronic Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate gland, developing slowly and. Medical Terminology Unit 6 Urology & Gynecology New Combining Forms • Urine • Kidney Inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney • Pyel/o/gram: X-ray of the renal pelvis term referring to the neck of the uterus or the neck of the spine. 8 Conizatio Hydronephrosis. Hydronephrosis occurs when a kidney has an excess of fluid due to a backup of urine, often caused by an obstruction in the upper part of the urinary tract. Kidney swelling can result, causing the part of the kidney called the renal pelvis to bulge (distend), leading to possible kidney scarring and impaired kidney function

Medical Term. For Urinary system Flashcards Quizle

  1. g urine, begins here. renal pelvis funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter hilum indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the renal artery, vein, and pelvis are located and the ureter leaves the kidney. ureters two slender tubes, approximately 10 to.
  2. What are the main types of renal failure? acute and chronic: Inflammation of the renal pelvis is called _____. pyelitis: What is another term for renal carcinoma? hypernephroma _____ is a tumor of the kidneys that typically occurs in children and rarely in adults. Wilm's tumo
  3. View Homework Help - LAB 4 .docx from HIMA 100 at American Public University. W4 and 6 Lab Assignment Template. Using the sample medical record, identify medical terms outlined in the diagnosi

presence of calculi in the kidney; solidification of salts in the urine 36) nephroma kidney tumor 37) nephropathy general term for presence of kidney disease 38) nephroptosis downward displacement of the kidney; floating kidney 39) pyelitis renal pelvis inflammation 40) pyelonephritis inflammation of renal pelvis and kidney; common type of kidney disease Urinary Bladder 41) cystitis urinary. A CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis was performed with intravenous contrast was performed per local protocol, revealing a right lower pole renal infarct. There was also perivascular inflammation involving the celiac artery. Initially a thrombotic/hypercoagulable state was hypothesized as the etiology 11. inflammation of a kidney 12. urina tion at night 13. sugar in the urine 14. abnormal cond ition of the renal pelvis Painful urination Inflammation of canal carrying urine to the outside Excessive thirst Scanty urine Inflammation of kidney pelvis Pus in urine Narrowing of kidney to bladder tube Blood in urin

Renal pelvis definition of renal pelvis by Medical

In more detail we will consider the symptoms of inflammation of the kidneys - pyelonephritis - inflammation of the renal pelvis. The most vulnerable department of the kidneys, urine is filtered through the renal pelvis. Pyelonephritis is of infectious origin. Pyelonephritis is equally susceptible to both adults and children The renal tubule drains urine that has been processed into the collecting tubules which carry the urine to the renal pelvis. Proximal tubule: Proximal means closer to a point of reference. Tubule is a small tube. The proximal tubule is the first part of the renal tubule in the nephron. Renal artery: Renal is pertaining to the kidneys The disorder characterized by the presence of stones in the kidney is known as ____. An abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina is known as a ____ fistula. The type of nephritis that involves primarily the glomeruli is known as ____. ____ is an inflammation of both the renal pelvis and of the kidney Medical Terminology, Chapter 9, The Urinary System. the use of a handheld ultrasound transducer to measure the amount of urine remaining in the bladder after urination. performed to withdraw urine for diagnostic purposes, to control incontinence, or to place fluid into the bladder

Quia - Medical Terminology Chapter 12 Urinary Syste

The renal pelvis collects urine from the nephrons found in the kidney. Looking at a cross-section of the cavity will usually reveal three distinct layers. The serosa is the outer-most layer, and is a thick layer of tissue. Just below that is the muscle layer, which is the bulk of the cavity. The muscle is what expands and contracts Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the renal pelvis is rare because SCC represents only 0.5% to 0.8% of malignant renal tumors. Chronic irritation, inflammation, and infection induce squamous metaplasia of the renal collecting system, which may progress to dysplasia and carcinoma in most of affected individuals Objective 1: Renal Cell Carcinoma. Compare and contrast the 3 major types of renal cell carcinoma (clear cell, papillary, and chromophobe) in terms of clinical presentation, diagnostic morphological features, and molecular pathogenesis. Objective 2: Urothelial and Renal-cell Carcinoma Pyelonephritis definition, inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis, caused by a bacterial infection. See more Define pyelitis. pyelitis synonyms, pyelitis pronunciation, pyelitis translation, English dictionary definition of pyelitis. n. Acute inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney, caused by bacterial infection. py′e·lit′ic adj. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language,..

Purpose: Inflammatory processes may increase the urothelial thickness of the renal pyelon. Purpose of the study was to assess sonographic measurement of pyelon wall thickness (PWT) in adult patients with acute pyelonephritis, chronic urinary tract infection (UTI) and indwelling ureteral stents One of the most common diseases of the renal system is Kidney or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, it is thought to affect as many as 1 in 10 people in the UK population by some degree.Kidney disease is damage to the kidney(s) which can be either: Chronic (damage that has occurred gradually over a period of more than 3 weeks) OR; Acute (damage which has occurred suddenly) Define calculous pyelitis. calculous pyelitis synonyms, calculous pyelitis pronunciation, calculous pyelitis translation, English dictionary definition of calculous pyelitis. n. Acute inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney, caused by bacterial infection. py′e·lit′ic adj. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language,..

85.renal pertaining to the kidneys 86.renal colic an acute pain in the kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passing of a kidney stone 87.renal cortex the outer region of the kidney 88.renal failure the inability of one or both of the kidneys to perform their functions 89.renal pelvis the funnel-shaped area within each kidney that is surrounded by renal corte Introduction. The renal pelvis does not contain an intestinal or squamous epithelium, but is normally lined by a urothelium. However, under rare circumstances, particularly those of chronic infection and urinary calculi, the transitional cell epithelium may undergo phenotypical changes, usually in the form of intestinal metaplasia, which are considered to be closely associated with. A related term meaning dilatation of the renal pelvis to a lesser degree is pyelectasis, both are the result of an obstruction of the kidneys and/or the ureter, such as congenital stenosis, a.

Definition of Renal pelvis. 1. Noun. (anatomy) The funnel-like dilated proximal part of the ureter in the kidney. ¹. ¹ Source: wiktionary.com. Medical Definition of Renal pelvis. 1. The area at the centre of the kidney. Urine collects here and is funneled into the ureter. (12 Dec 1998) Lexicographical Neighbors of Renal Pelvis In many cases, the extent of pyelonephritis (inflammation in the kidney and the lining of the renal pelvis) that is a direct result of recurrent UTI is not known with certainty. However, it is known that, in the presence of urinary tract obstruction , which disrupts the flow of urine, infection is likely to ascend the urinary tract and cause. Pyelonephritis is inflammation of the kidney, usually the renal pelvis, and the urinary tract associated with a urinary tract infection (UTI). All these types of nephritis can be either acute or chronic. When nephritis is classified according to the cause, for example lupus nephritis associated with systemic lupus erythematosus or infectious. Definition. insertion of a catheter into a body cavity or organ to instill a substance or remove fluid, most commonly throught the urethra into the bladder to withdraw urine. Term. dialysis. Definition. mechanical filtering process used to cleanse blood of high concentrations of metabolic waste products, draw off excess fluids, and regulate.

Renal ultrasonography (Renal US) is the examination of one or both kidneys using medical ultrasound.. Ultrasonography of the kidneys is essential in the diagnosis and management of kidney-related diseases. The kidneys are easily examined, and most pathological changes in the kidneys are distinguishable with ultrasound Definition. Hydronephrosis is defined as the dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces due to obstruction of urine outflow. Epidemiology. Incidence: about 3.1%; Hydronephrosis resolves spontaneously in 50% of cases. Children: Most often a transient and physiologic state; Most cases resolve spontaneously by 2 years of age. Adults: Men = women. Definition Kidney basin is the first part of they leave the urinary tract, as head newly formed urine from the kidney to the bladder and is in close relation to the kidney. Chronic renal pelvis represents a state with recurring or chronic infection in the kidney basin with lasting damage to the kidney to follow (as opposed to acute renal pelvis)

Thin, finger - like papillae or broad based polypoid lesions with congestion and edema of lamina propria. Mild chronic inflammatory infiltrate. May have reactive epithelial atypia or reactive fibroblasts that appear bizarre. Covered by normal appearing or metaplastic urothelium with orderly maturation and surface umbrella cells ( Am J Surg. bCG: induces chronic inflammation, superficial ulceration and noncaseating granulomas with active and chronic inflammation; changes may extend into prostate ( Am J Clin Pathol 1993;99:244 ) Post-biopsy / resection: either necrotizing and palisading, resembling rheumatoid nodules, or foreign body type (without foreign material) or both ( Am J. An imaging scan, such as a CT scan or renal ultrasound, can show a blockage or inflammation of the kidneys or urinary tract. A renal biopsy is one of the best ways to diagnose acute nephritis Which condition is the enlargement of the renal pelvis due to an obstruction of the flow of urine? back 3. hydronephrosis. front 4. Which term means difficult or painful urination? back 4. dysuria. front 5. Which condition is also known as bed-wetting? back 5. nocturnal enuresis. front 6. Which medical term describes an inflammation of a kidney. Kidney Acronyms & Medical Terms. Nephrology is the branch of medicine that deals with the physiology and diseases of the kidneys. PKD - Polycystic Kidney Disease. ADPKD - Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease. ARPKD - Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease. ESRD - End Stage Renal Disease

Gross anatomy. The renal pelvis is triangular in shape, lies posteriorly in the renal hilum surrounded by fat and vessels and is formed by either the union of two-to-three major calyces or of seven-to-eleven minor calyces. Thus, the renal pelvis can have numerous shapes, ranging between an ampulla-like single renal pelvis to one made of numerous funnel-shapes, but all types taper down to. Valid for Submission. N28.89 is a billable diagnosis code used to specify a medical diagnosis of other specified disorders of kidney and ureter. The code N28.89 is valid during the fiscal year 2021 from October 01, 2020 through September 30, 2021 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions This machine learning system can diagnose 2 acute inflammations of bladder. The medical dataset contains features and diagnoses of 2 diseases of the urinary system: Inflammation of urinary bladder and nephritis of renal pelvis origin. This medical dataset truly needs privacy! Because we cannot divulge the sexually-transmitted diseases of patients Tubulointerstitial diseases are characterized by acute or chronic inflammation of the renal tubules and. interstitium. . Acute interstitial nephritis. is commonly caused by. hypersensitivity reactions. to drugs, but infection or systemic disease may also precipitate the disease. Common causes of chronic nephritis include drug toxicity (especially Familial juvenile nephronophthisis (FJN) Familial lung cancer. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) Familial mental retardation 1. Familial mental retardation protein. Familial Parkinson disease type 1. Familial Parkinson disease type 10. Familial Parkinson disease type 11. Familial Parkinson disease type 2

Pyelitis is the inflammation of renal pelvis which is a part of a kidney from where the kidney empties into the ureter whereas pyelonephritis includes inflammation of the entire kidney. Signs and symptoms are generally same. The two conditions are generally caused due to an ascending urinary tract infection An abscess is a localized collection of pus in a hollow area formed by the breaking up of tissues. A renal abscess is one that is confined to the kidney and is caused either by bacteria from an infection traveling to the kidneys through the bloodstream or by a urinary tract infection traveling to the kidney and then spreading to the kidney tissue Pyelectasis also is known as renal pelvic dilatation. (Dilatation means stretching or enlargement). The amount of stretching of the renal pelvis with pyelectasis is typically defined as greater than 4 mm but less than 10 mm in a baby younger than 24 weeks of gestation. Enlargement of 4 to 10 mm also may be called mild hydronephrosis Medical Terminology Unit 6 Urology & Gynecology New Combining Forms Urine Kidney Renal Pelvis Ureter Bladder Urethra Ur/o Nephr/o, Ren/o Pyel/o Ureter/o Cyst/o Urethr/o New Suffix -lith -lysis -pexy -ptosis -rrhagia -rrhaphy -uria Stone Destruction Surgical Fixation Prolapse Hemorrhage Suturing or stitching Urine, Urination Ur/o = Urine Ur/o/logy: Study of the urinary tract Ur/o/logist: A. Figure 1.Interaction between afferent renal nerves and renal sympathetic nerve activity in healthy and injured kidneys. (A) In healthy kidneys, increased renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) leads to an activation of α1-adrenoceptors expressed in the renal pelvis, which increases afferent renal nerve activity (ARNA). Subsequently, inhibitory neurons within the brainstem and hypothalamus.

Renal urolithiasis or calculi are infrequent findings in the rat pelvis, although smaller, mineralized concretions (or microliths) are common in the fornices with increasing age (Figure 11.42). Renal lesions associated with urolithiasis include reactive hyperplasia of the pelvic urothelium, inflammation, vacuolar degeneration and formation of. Inflammation of the renal pelvis (kidney parenchyma results) Presents with fever, urinary frequency, urgency, dysuria, and costovertebral angle tenderness Hydronephrosis: Obstruction causes proximal accumulation of urine. Results in the dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces (visible on ultrasound

Introduction to medical terminology

Renal sinus lipomatosis refers to a condition where there is excessive renal sinus fat replacement. Pathology It results from renal parenchymal atrophy, inflammation, calculous disease, aging, or exogenous or endogenous steroids. There is usua.. Pyelonephritis, from the Greek pyelo (pelvis), nephros (kidney), and -itis (inflammation), describes a severe infectious inflammatory disease of the renal parenchyma, calices, and pelvis that can be acute, recurrent, or chronic. Acute infections may be caused by enteric bacteria (e.g., Escherichia coli) that ascend from the lower urinary. Stones that obstruct the ureter or renal pelvis or any of the kidney's drainage tubes may cause back pain or renal colic. Renal colic is characterized by an excruciating intermittent pain, usually in the area between the ribs and hip on one side, that spreads across the abdomen and often extends to the genital area Pyelonephritis is inflammation of the renal pelvis that most often results from an infection that extends up to the kidneys from the lower urinary tract (i.e. urinary bladder). The most common bacterial isolates identified from cases at the UKVDL included Streptococcus zooepidemicus, Escherichia coli, and Enterococcus sp